In jurisprudence, it is used as notation in British or other Commonwealth realm criminal prosecutions to mean "the Crown" or "the state", which is represented by the current monarch. It is often seen written as "R. v Defendant" which would be read as "The Crown and the Defendant".
In historiography, r. can be used to designate the ruling period of a person in dynastic power, to distinguish from his or her lifespan.
For example, one may write "Charles V (r. 1519–1556)" instead of "Charles V (1500–1558)" if the writer considers the year of enthronement to be more important information for the reader than the year of birth, or occasionally to emphasise when a ruler abdicated before dying. In addition to rex or regina, r. can also be an abbreviation of regnavit ("[he/she] ruled").
- Dale, Rodney; Puttick, Steve (1997-01-01). The Wordsworth Dictionary of Abbreviations and Acronyms. Wordsworth Editions. p. 135. ISBN 9781853263859.
- Gray, Debra (2004-01-01). Public Services (uniformed). Heinemann. p. 35. ISBN 9780435456597.
- Robbins, John Fonseca (2015-08-31). Fonseca Robbins´Lexicon. Clube de Autores. p. 238.
|IUS||This legal article about a Latin phrase is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|