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Al-Āṯār al-bāqiya ʿan al-qurūn al-ẖāliya Folio 230.jpg

Behāfarīd (Middle Persian: Weh-āfrīd, Persian: به‌آفرید‎, also spelled Bihāfarīd) was an 8th-century Persian Zoroastrian heresiarch[1] who started a religious peasant revolt with elements from Zoroastrianism and Islam. He believed in Zoroaster and upheld all Zoroastrian institutions. His followers prayed seven times a day facing the sun, prohibited intoxicants, and kept their hair long and disallowed sacrifices of cattle except when they were decrepit.[2] His revolt was quelled by the Abbasid general Abu Muslim, and he was executed by hanging. His followers, however, believed that he would descend again. Some of his followers joined the Ustadh Sis movement.

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  • Crone, Patricia (2012). The Nativist Prophets of Early Islamic Iran: Rural Revolt and Local Zoroastrianism. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1–543. ISBN 9781139510769.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)