Struthers, Ohio

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Struthers, Ohio
Aerial view of the city
Aerial view of the city
Motto(s): 
"The City with Heart in the Heart of It All"
Location of Struthers, Ohio
Location of Struthers, Ohio
Location of Struthers in Mahoning County
Location of Struthers in Mahoning County
Coordinates: 41°3′8″N 80°35′37″W / 41.05222°N 80.59361°W / 41.05222; -80.59361Coordinates: 41°3′8″N 80°35′37″W / 41.05222°N 80.59361°W / 41.05222; -80.59361
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyMahoning
Government
 • MayorCatherine Cercone Miller
Area
 • Total3.74 sq mi (9.69 km2)
 • Land3.64 sq mi (9.43 km2)
 • Water0.10 sq mi (0.26 km2)
Elevation1,007 ft (307 m)
Population
 • Total10,713
 • Estimate 
(2019[4])
10,111
 • Density2,943.1/sq mi (1,136.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
44471
Area code(s)234/330
FIPS code39-75126[5]
GNIS feature ID1056948[2]
Websitehttp://www.cityofstruthers.com/

Struthers is a city in Mahoning County, Ohio, United States. The population was 10,713 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Government[edit]

The City of Struthers operates under a mayor-council statutory form of government as provided by the Ohio Constitution and the laws of the State of Ohio.[6] As a statutory city, Struthers has home rule powers, but operates under a governmental structure prescribed by the State of Ohio. The city has three branches of government, Executive), Legislative, and Judicial.

The mayor is the chief executive officer of the city charged with executing the laws of the state and ordinances passed by city council, and overseeing the operations and affairs of the city in conjunction with the various department heads. The mayor is also the appointing authority for the city and with the Director of Public Service and Safety constitute the Board of Control. The mayor also has power to veto actions of the City Council.[6]

City Council is the legislative branch of city government responsible for considering and passing ordinances within its constitutional authority. The Council consists of seven members, four elected from wards and three elected at-large. All council positions are elected for two-year terms. All proposed legislation must receive a majority vote by City Council and be signed by the mayor to be enacted. Should the mayor veto the legislation a two-thirds (5) votes of council is needed to override the mayor's veto.[6]

The Municipal Court constitutes the judicial branch of city government. The head of the judicial branch is the judge, who is elected to a six-year term of office. The Municipal Court jurisdiction is to handle all civil cases where the disputed amount is up to $15,000, criminal misdemeanors, and preliminary hearings for felony crimes committed in the geographic area of the court's authority which includes Struthers, Poland Village, Poland Township, New Middletown, Springfield Township, Lowellville, and a portion of the turnpike.[6]

The electorate (voting age population) in the city is approximately 9,000. In a presidential election year only about 5,000 votes at best are cast in the general election, and in primary and general elections for municipal offices the number is considerably less. Struthers is predominately Democrat and most often the primary election is the most important for selecting officeholders since they are often unopposed in the general election.[6]

Struthers is served by a branch of the Public Library of Youngstown and Mahoning County.[7]

History[edit]

John Struthers, from Washington County, Pennsylvania, purchased 400 acres (1.6 km2) of Poland Township land in 1798 and gave it the name Marbletown.[8] John Struthers owned this land until the War of 1812 came around when he and his family suffered financial ruin. The land was dormant until 1865 when it was purchased by Thomas Struthers.[9] Thomas bought this land to honor his father, he was instrumental in bringing industry and railroads to the town.[10] Eventually, the town would have its name changed to Struthers by popular vote.[9]

In 1943, a Jehovah's Witnesses was fined by the city for distributing religious pamphlets door-to-door. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that this was a violation of the First Amendment in Martin v. Struthers.

Influence of steel[edit]

The community's early history centers on Yellow Creek, where the cradle of steel began with the building of the Hopewell Furnace.[11] This furnace was built in 1803 by Daniel Eaton and is mentioned in the first line of the 1995 Bruce Springsteen song "Youngstown".[11] The Hopewell Furnace thrived for a little over ten years until John Struthers reached his financial crisis in 1812.[12]

In 1869 Struthers again became an iron-producing community with the construction of the Anna Furnace by the Struthers Iron Company.[13] In 1880 there was added the sheet mill plant of the Summer's Brothers Co., and in 1888 the plant of the J. A. and D. P. Cooper Gear Company.

With all these activities Struthers still remained a village of less than 1,000 inhabitants, after 100 years had elapsed since John Struthers built his first cabin and erected the sawmill and grist mill on Yellow Creek. In 1899 Struthers was brought into closer communication with Youngstown and the upper Mahoning Valley by the completion of an interurban electric line.

In 1902 the neighboring village of East Youngstown (now Campbell) was started. This new community was started shortly after the incorporation of The Youngstown Iron Sheet and Tube Company (known as The Youngstown Sheet and Tube Co., since 1905).

With the steel industry booming in the early part of the 1900s, immigrants from throughout Europe flooded into Struthers. A village in 1902 when it was officially incorporated, Struthers quickly became a city in 1920. The steel industry allowed the city to flourish until 1977, when several area plants closed their doors for good. The city padded the loss of thousands of jobs by using its industrial infrastructure to lure non-steel making jobs, but population losses have continued throughout the start of the new century.[14]

Geography[edit]

Struthers is located on the banks of the Mahoning River about 4 miles (6.4 km) west of the border between Ohio and Pennsylvania at the intersection of Ohio State Route 616 and Ohio State Route 289. The larger part of the city is across the river from State Route 289 on the south side of the river. The geodetic coordinates are 41°3′8″N 80°35′37″W / 41.05222°N 80.59361°W / 41.05222; -80.59361 (41.052255, -80.593591).[15]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.74 square miles (9.69 km2), of which 3.64 square miles (9.43 km2) is land and 0.10 square miles (0.26 km2) is water.[1]

Neighborhoods[16][edit]

  • Downtown
  • Nebo
  • North Hill
  • Lyon Plat
  • Coke Alley

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19103,370
19205,84773.5%
193011,24992.4%
194011,7394.4%
195011,9411.7%
196015,63130.9%
197015,343−1.8%
198013,609−11.3%
199012,284−9.7%
200011,756−4.3%
201010,713−8.9%
Est. 201910,111[4]−5.6%
Sources:[17][18][5][19]

28.4% were of Italian, 25.0% German, 20.0% Irish, 13.2% Slovak, 8.5% English, and 7.7% Polish ancestries.[20] In addition, 95.9% Spoke English, 1.5% Italian, 1.1% Spanish, and 1.0% Slovak.[21]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 10,713 people, 4,382 households, and 2,886 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,943.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,136.3/km2). There were 4,886 housing units at an average density of 1,342.3 per square mile (518.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.3% White, 2.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population.

There were 4,382 households, of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.1% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the city was 41.4 years. 22.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.5% were from 25 to 44; 27.6% were from 45 to 64; and 18% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 11,756 people, 4,704 households, and 3,255 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,150.2/sq. mile (1,216.9/km²). There were 4,982 housing units at an average density of 1,335.0/sq. mile (515.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.63% White, 1.78% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.02% of the population.

There were 4,704 households, out of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.8% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city the population was spread out, with 23.3% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 20.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,720, and the median income for a family was $37,212. Males had a median income of $30,588 versus $21,438 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,587. About 8.8% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.9% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Media[edit]

Struthers is served by the Hometown Journal, a local weekly newspaper. It also has a local radio station, WKTL 90.7 FM, that is located at Struthers High School[25] in the Struthers Fieldhouse.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  5. ^ a b c "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Struthers Government". City of Struthers. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  7. ^ "Locations & Hours". Public Library of Youngstown and Mahoning County. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
  8. ^ Ringos, Patricia (2008). Images of America Struthers. Chicago: Arcadia Publishing. p. 7.
  9. ^ a b Beach, Patricia (2008). Images of America Struthers. Chicago: Arcadia Publishing. p. 7.
  10. ^ Beach, Patricia (2008). Images of Struthers America. Chicago: Arcadia Publishing. p. 7.
  11. ^ a b Beach, Patricia (2008). Images of America Struthers. Chicago: Arcadia Publishing. p. 29.
  12. ^ Beach, Patricia (2008). Images of America Struthers. Chicago: Arcadia. p. 29.
  13. ^ Beach, Patricia (2008). Images of America Struthers. Chicago: Arcadia Publishing. p. 37.
  14. ^ "Struthers, Ohio". Communities Along the Mahoning River. Youngstown State University. Archived from the original on 2012-11-10. Retrieved 2012-10-18.
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  16. ^ Graziosi, Graig (2017-11-01). "Rotary Club of Struthers installs new neighborhood signs". The Vindicator. Archived from the original on 2019-07-24. Retrieved 2020-04-03.
  17. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. 1960. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  18. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
  20. ^ United States Census
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-08-15. Retrieved 2015-01-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ Barnes, Mike (2015-07-24). "Mildred Joanne Smith, Actress in Poitier's 'No Way Out,' Dies at 94". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2015-08-23.
  23. ^ "Zorn ends career in Poland - TownCrierOnline.com | Community news from Boardman, Canfield, Austintown and Poland, Ohio — Town Crier". towncrieronline.com. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
  24. ^ "Westminster College Selects Dr. Robert Zorn as Director of Graduate Program". www.westminster.edu. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
  25. ^ Beach, Patricia (2008). Images of America Stuthers. Chicago: Arcadia Publishing. p. 112.

External links[edit]